By Josef V. Polisensky
Booklet through Polisensky, Josef V.
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Additional resources for Aristocrats and the Crowd in the Revolutionary Year 1848: A Contribution to the History of Revolution and Counter-Revolution in Austria
Karníková and P. Horská contributed new information about the demographic changes resulting from industrialization and urbanization in the first half of the nineteenth century. M. Novák explored the character of Metternich's police regime; and J. Krizk* emphasized the essentially bourgeois character of the National Guard. 27 In these circumstances I was faced with the task of lecturing on the fundamental problems of Czech history to students who had been drawn to Prague from all over the world by their interest in the postwar situation, in the historical roots of contemporary society, as well as in Marxism and socialism.
Jan Jeník of Bratrice* only wrote down his recollections as a very old man. But the strength of his memory is shown by the long passages from operas and the countess songs that he knew by heart until his deathand he died only in 1845. According to him there was no concern in the middle of the eighteenth century that the rural population of Bohemia would one day be Germanized. It was a different matter, however, with the burghers and noblemen. But Jeník himself was bilingual, and he Page 10 wrote in both Czech and German.
Nor is it surprising: Josef II insisted that all important edicts and laws be linguistically comprehensible to all his subjects. He even ordered an investigation once into the possible existence of several Slavic languages in Moravia beside Czech. " Still, the language of this journal does not betray any signs of a "degeneration" of linguistic standards. The same conclusion emerges from a glance at the Latin, Czech and German Vocabulary published in Rosenmüller's printing shop by Frantiek Ignac Kirchner sometime before 1745.
Aristocrats and the Crowd in the Revolutionary Year 1848: A Contribution to the History of Revolution and Counter-Revolution in Austria by Josef V. Polisensky