By George O'Brien
Книга An Essay at the monetary results of the Reformation An Essay at the financial results of the ReformationКниги Экономика Автор: George O'Brien Год издания: 2003 Формат: pdf Издат.:Ihs Press Страниц: 176 Размер: 2,9 ISBN: 0971828628 Язык: Английский 34 (голосов: 1) Оценка:This paintings deals a distinct viewpoint at the upward thrust of capitalism and socialism and the impact of the Reformation. particular themes comprise results of trust within the inner most judgment of scriptures; separation of religious and secular lifestyles; distinction among Lutheran and Calvinist teachings on economics; the Calvinist thought of vocation; its notion of fabric good fortune as an indication of divine election; its compliment of frugality and disdain for good looks. additionally lined is socialism as a response to excesses of capitalism; the way during which Protestantism had bolstered secular authority; diminuation of charity towards the negative following Reformation; materialism underlying socialism abetted through Protestant emphasis on earthly prosperity; egalitarian rules traceable to Protestantism; and the convenience with which socialism combined into Protestant concept. it is a certain paintings of financial philosophy in that it examines the ideological motives of the industrial alterations of the interval, hence supplying a fresh philosophical point of view instead of basically the mathematical or statistical aspects of the query.
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Extra info for An Essay on the Economic Effects of the Reformation
The ancient moral power of the Church to regulate the transactions of everyday life in accordance with Christian ethical 49 essay on THe eConoMIC effeCTs of THe reforMaTIon ideals had disappeared; and men were left at liberty to act morally or immorally as they pleased, with no responsibility but that of satisfying their own conscience. From the moment that the reformers proclaimed the right of resistance to authority by establishing private judgment as a dogma, Christian morality remained without support, as there was no longer any authority recognized as entitled to explain and teach it.
To preach the gospel and spread the new light was but one half of the duties of the pioneers of Christianity; they had also to create the institution that would preserve the purity of Christian teaching and insist on the observance of Christian morals. 78 The Reformation attacked the unity and integrity of the Church, and, insofar as it succeeded in that attack, it undermined the foundations of the only power which was strong enough to keep in check the unbounded avarice and selfishness of man, and thus opened the way to the conception of a society of individuals, all guided simply by their own self-interest, indifferent alike to the welfare of the community and to the dictates of the moral law.
To say, as these authors say, that modern Catholicism is but the reverse of the shield of which Protestantism is the obverse, is going too far; but it is true insofar as it points to the undoubted historical fact that the power for good of Catholicism as a social and civilizing force was seriously weakened by the Reformation. 45 The point we have been seeking to make in the last few pages is that the Reformation was such a deep-seated and far-reaching movement that it would be impossible to confine a study of its consequences to the time of the actual reformers; but that the latter must be held responsible for all the necessary consequences of their action in attacking Catholic unity, whether such consequences were, in fact, foreseen or not; and that they must be likewise held responsible for the reactions caused by their religious teaching in other spheres of life, even though we have no evidence that they ever contemplated such consequences.
An Essay on the Economic Effects of the Reformation by George O'Brien