By Andrew Sneddon (auth.)

ISBN-10: 1402039824

ISBN-13: 9781402039829

ISBN-10: 1402039964

ISBN-13: 9781402039966

What makes an occasion count number as an motion? common solutions entice the best way the development used to be produced: e.g., probably an arm circulation is an motion while brought on by psychological states (in specific ways), yet no longer while brought on in alternative ways. Andrew Sneddon argues that this kind of resolution, which he calls "productionism", is methodologically and considerably flawed. particularly, productionist solutions to this question are usually both individualistic or foundationalist, or either, with no particular defence. as an alternative, Sneddon deals an externalist, anti-foundationalist account of what makes an occasion count number as an motion, which he calls neo-ascriptivism, after the paintings of H.L.A. Hart. in particular, Sneddon argues that our practices of attributing ethical accountability to one another are at the very least partially constitutive of occasions as actions.

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Sample text

Since Hart identifies a principle of inclusion in a particular adequate taxonomy, we have good reason to think that his position identifies a feature of events exploited by our practices of action recognition an attribution. That is, a metaphysical interpretation of Hart’s argument is perfectly legitimate. For present purposes, however, Hart’s argument does have clear limitations. Hart’s analogy between action and property, and between judgments and action ascriptions, provides a model for thinking about action and status issues.

The first question, about responsible agents, is a vast topic. I will address it in Chapters Four and Five, so I will put it aside now. In those chapters I will examine, and reject, the notion that the criteria of being responsible are non-moral. This supports the present position. For the meantime, let’s consider what it is to be able to ascribe responsibility for an event. This matter is genuinely ambiguous. Making clear this ambiguity gives us narrow and wide versions of ascriptivism. The issue is what it means for an event to be morally neutral.

I do not see this at all, other things being equal. There might be extraneous circumstances which get Jones off the hook despite his firing of the gun counting as an action by ascriptivist lights, but these just do not figure in the inference as it is presented. 38 CHAPTER 3 the matter at hand, and this allows of no paraphrasing into the explicit and valid argument I have presented as a fair representation of ascriptivism. 45 Suppose that this does not suffice to answer Geach’s objection. For present, purposes, this does not matter.

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Action and Responsibility by Andrew Sneddon (auth.)


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