By Michael Inwood
This ebook presents a complete survey of Hegel's philosophical idea through a scientific exploration of over a hundred keyword phrases, from `absolute' to `will'. by way of exploring either the etymological history of such phrases and Hegel's specific use of them, Michael Inwood clarifies for the trendy reader a lot that has been considered as tough and vague in Hegel's paintings.
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Extra info for A Hegel Dictionary (Blackwell Philosopher Dictionaries)
But this is incorrect. Culture is as much the possession of the 'base', alienated individual (Rameau's nephew) as of anyone else: culture is the medium in which alienation (1) is played out, not the solution to it. Alienation (2) cannot resolve alienation (1), for two reasons: 1. Alienation (2) involves a genuine loss of individual integrity and independence, not simply a restoration of one's universal essence or real self: alienation (2) is only required of the individual in virtue of alienation (1), and the alienated (2) individual is a stranger to himself.
So in the second edition of Enc. (1827), he insists that he does not regard everything as actual, and that some things that exist (the contingent, brain-waves, error, evil, and what has merely 'stunted and transient existence') are APPEARANCE (Erscheinung) rather than actuality (Enc. I §6). ) On this view, a tyrannical or ineffectual state is not (an) actual (state), and is not exempt from criticism and reform. Hegel was a realist with respect to concepts, and thus believes himself immune to the objection that, say, an unreal state may nevertheless be a real or actual tyranny.
For 'active' and 'activity' in this general sense, Hegel uses the words tätig and Tätigkeit. The usual word for a human action is Handlung, from the verb handeln, 'to act' (literally 'to handle' or 'to grasp with the hands'). Hegel usually considers action in the context of objective SPIRIT and, more specifically, MORALITY. Action, especially moral action, is seen as an attempt by the WILL to realize itself in a way appropriate to its essential UNIVERSALITY. An action presupposes an external environment that is as yet independent of my will and of which I have more or less incomplete knowledge.
A Hegel Dictionary (Blackwell Philosopher Dictionaries) by Michael Inwood