By Joel Greenberg

ISBN-10: 1620405350

ISBN-13: 9781620405352

The epic tale of why passenger pigeons grew to become extinct and what that says approximately our present courting with the ordinary world.

while Europeans arrived in North the United States, 25 to forty percentage of the continent's birds have been passenger pigeons, touring in flocks so substantial as to dam out the sunlight for hours or maybe days. The downbeats in their wings may sit back the air underneath and create a thundering roar that might drown out all different sound. John James Audubon, inspired through their velocity and agility, acknowledged a lone passenger pigeon streaking throughout the woodland "passes like a thought." How prophetic—for even though one thousand million pigeons most likely crossed the skies close to Toronto in may possibly of 1860, little greater than fifty years later passenger pigeons have been extinct. The final of the species, Martha, died in captivity on the Cincinnati Zoo on September 1, 1914. As naturalist Joel Greenberg relates in gripping element, the pigeons' propensity to nest, roost, and fly jointly in mammoth numbers made them liable to unremitting marketplace and leisure looking. The unfold of railroads and telegraph traces created nationwide call for that allowed the birds to be pursued relentlessly. Passenger pigeons encouraged awe within the likes of Audubon, Henry David Thoreau, James Fenimore Cooper, and others, yet no severe attempt used to be made to guard the species till it used to be too past due. Greenberg's fantastically written tale of the passenger pigeon paints a shiny photograph of the passenger pigeon's position in literature, paintings, and the hearts and minds of these who witnessed this epic poultry, whereas supplying a cautionary story of what occurs while species and normal assets aren't harvested sustainably.

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Extra resources for A Feathered River Across the Sky: The Passenger Pigeon's Flight to Extinction

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I shall be exploring these important ideas in §8. 4. For discussions about behavioral altruism, I am indebted to Christine Clavien. 5. There are complications that I glide over here and that will be addressed more thoroughly in treating the third type of altruism, the one pertinent to the examination of ethics. After the presentation of that third notion, it will be easier to see how to characterize behavioral altruism more exactly. 6. As the specification of psychological altruism will show, the account begins with wishes.

Nature of Emotion (New York: Oxford University Press, 1994). 14. Since the role of social environments is central to my approach to our altruistic tendencies and the character of the ethical project, my position would be strengthened if this concession proves false. 28 the ethica l project This concession does not entail any of a number of conclusions sometimes drawn from it. First, there is no implication that the affective reactions in people who belong to different societies will be generated by the same things, events, and states of the world: virtually all people feel disgust, but different groups find very different things disgusting.

I shall be exploring these important ideas in §8. 4. For discussions about behavioral altruism, I am indebted to Christine Clavien. 5. There are complications that I glide over here and that will be addressed more thoroughly in treating the third type of altruism, the one pertinent to the examination of ethics. After the presentation of that third notion, it will be easier to see how to characterize behavioral altruism more exactly. 6. As the specification of psychological altruism will show, the account begins with wishes.

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A Feathered River Across the Sky: The Passenger Pigeon's Flight to Extinction by Joel Greenberg


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